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**Cancellation property**— In mathematics, the notion of cancellative is a generalization of the notion of invertible. An element a in a magma (M,*) has the left cancellation property (or is left cancellative) if for all b and c in M, a * b = a * c… … Wikipedia**Outline of algebraic structures**— In universal algebra, a branch of pure mathematics, an algebraic structure is a variety or quasivariety. Abstract algebra is primarily the study of algebraic structures and their properties. Some axiomatic formal systems that are neither… … Wikipedia**Monoid**— This article is about the mathematical concept. For the alien creatures in the Doctor Who adventure, see The Ark (Doctor Who). Coherence law for monoid unit In abstract algebra, a branch of mathematics, a monoid is an algebraic structure with a… … Wikipedia**Magma (algebra)**— In abstract algebra, a magma (or groupoid; not to be confused with groupoids in category theory) is a basic kind of algebraic structure. Specifically, a magma consists of a set M equipped with a single binary operation . A binary operation is… … Wikipedia**List of algebraic structures**— In universal algebra, a branch of pure mathematics, an algebraic structure is a variety or quasivariety. Abstract algebra is primarily the study of algebraic structures and their properties. Some axiomatic formal systems that are neither… … Wikipedia**Special classes of semigroups**— In mathematics, a semigroup is a nonempty set together with an associative binary operation. A special class of semigroups is a class of semigroups satisfying additional properties or conditions. Thus the class of commutative semigroups consists… … Wikipedia**Surjective function**— Onto redirects here. For other uses, see wikt:onto. A surjective function from domain X to codomain Y. The function is surjective because every point in the codomain is the value of f(x) for at least one point x in the domain. In mathematics, a… … Wikipedia**Algebraic structure**— In algebra, a branch of pure mathematics, an algebraic structure consists of one or more sets closed under one or more operations, satisfying some axioms. Abstract algebra is primarily the study of algebraic structures and their properties. The… … Wikipedia**Normal polytope**— In mathematics, specifically in combinatorial commutative algebra, a convex lattice polytope P is called normal if it has the following property: given any positive integer n, every lattice point of the dilation nP, obtained from P by scaling its … Wikipedia**Axiom of choice**— This article is about the mathematical concept. For the band named after it, see Axiom of Choice (band). In mathematics, the axiom of choice, or AC, is an axiom of set theory stating that for every family of nonempty sets there exists a family of … Wikipedia