chark


chark
1. noun
a) Charcoal; coke.

... so I contrived to burn some wood here, as I had seen done in England, under turf, till it became chark or dry coal ...

b) A pointed stick, which when placed with the point against another piece of wood, and spun rapidly in alternate directions with the aid of attached cords, produces enough heat by friction to create a fire; a fire-drill.

The discoverer of the chark, or " fire-drill," an instrument for obtaining fire by artificial means, would be so great a benefactor to a people that had to suffer all the inconveniences resulting from occasional fireless hearths, that we may well understand why he may be invested by his astonished and delighted fellow-savages with miraculous or supernatural powers.

2. verb
a) To reduce by strong heat, as to produce charcoal or coke; to calcine.

I have ſeen Turf charkd, and then it ſerves to work Iron, and, as I have been informd will ſerve to make it in a Bloomery or Iron-work. Turf charkd I reckon the ſweeteſt and wholeſomeſt Fire that can be, fitter for a Chamber and conſumptive People, than either Wood, Stone-Coal or Charcoal.

b) To make a grating sound.

The method which the Romans now taught them of charking the coal continues eſſentially the ſame until the preſent moment.


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  • Chark — Chark, n. [Abbrev. fr. charcoal.] Charcoal; a cinder. [Obs.] DeFoe. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chark — Chark, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Charked}.] To burn to a coal; to char. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chark — Recorded as Chark, Charke, Charker, this is almost certainly an English surname. Although quite well recorded in the surviving church registers of, for instance, the city of London, as shown below, none of the various dictionaries of surnames… …   Surnames reference

  • chark — I. ˈchärk transitive verb ( ed/ ing/ s) Etymology: back formation from obsolete chark coal, alteration of charcoal : to burn to charcoal or coke : char II. noun ( s) now dialect England …   Useful english dictionary

  • chark — /chahrk/, n. Brit. Dial. 1. charcoal (def. 1). 2. coke1. v.t. 3. to char; convert into coke. [1485 95; earlier charke cole, back formation from CHARCOAL] * * * …   Universalium

  • chark — Wypluta ślina lub treść płucna Eng. A large and nasty mass of phlegm coughed up from the lungs and spat out …   Słownik Polskiego slangu

  • chark —  1) a crack. N.  2) small beer. York, West Riding …   A glossary of provincial and local words used in England

  • Charked — Chark Chark, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Charked}.] To burn to a coal; to char. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Petia Villas — (Tsigov Chark,Болгария) Категория отеля: 1 звездочный отель Адрес: Tsigov Chark , 4580 …   Каталог отелей

  • Кронеберг, Иван Яковлевич — (Johan Christian Kroneberg) статский советник, доктор философии, ординарный профессор и ректор Харьковского университета, род. 19 февраля 1788 г., в Москве, ум. 19 октября 1838 г., в Харькове. В 1800 г. Кронеберг, вместе со своим братом, был… …   Большая биографическая энциклопедия