disconfirmation


disconfirmation
a) Introduction of evidence which conclusively establishes that a belief or hypothesis is not true or which diminishes the acceptability of a belief or hypothesis.

Once we move our search to the region of the mind, we find that access to the facts becomes much more difficult; as a result, disconfirmation is largely out of reach and metaphor begins to flourish.

b) A particular fact, observation, or other item of evidence which shows or tends to show that a belief or hypothesis is not true.

One can reduce the disconfirmations of economic generalizations by specifying a margin of error.

See Also: disconfirm

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • disconfirmation — noun see disconfirm …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • disconfirmation — A piece of evidence disconfirms a theory if it puts a particular difficulty in front of it, or diminishes its acceptability or probability …   Philosophy dictionary

  • disconfirmation — dis·confirmation …   English syllables

  • disconfirmation — |dis, də̇s+ noun : the act, process, or an instance of disconfirming …   Useful english dictionary

  • disconfirmation bias — n. The tendency to actively refute or discount evidence that challenges a belief. Example Citations: In other words, when we think we re reasoning, we may instead be rationalizing. Or to use an analogy offered by University of Virginia… …   New words

  • disconfirm — disconfirmation /dis kon feuhr may sheuhn, dis kon /, n. /dis keuhn ferrm /, v.t. to prove to be invalid. [1935 40; DIS + CONFIRM] * * * …   Universalium

  • Confirmation bias — (also called confirmatory bias or myside bias) is a tendency for people to favor information that confirms their preconceptions or hypotheses regardless of whether the information is true.[Note 1][1] As a result, people gather evidence and recall …   Wikipedia

  • When Prophecy Fails —   …   Wikipedia

  • Fine-tuned Universe — The fine tuned Universe is the idea that the conditions that allow life in the Universe can only occur when certain universal physical constants lie within a very narrow range, so that if any of several fundamental constants were only slightly… …   Wikipedia

  • Cognitive dissonance — The Fox and the Grapes by Aesop. When the fox fails to reach the grapes, he decides he does not want them after all. This is an example of adaptive preference formation, which serves to reduce cognitive dissonance.[1] …   Wikipedia