abessive case


abessive case
case used to express the lack or absence of something. It has the meaning of the English preposition "without" or the affix -less. Some languages that use the abessive case are Erzya, Estonian, Finnish, and Inari Sami.

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  • Abessive case — In linguistics, abessive (abbreviated ABESS, from Latin abesse to be distant ), caritive and privative (abbreviated PRIV) are names for a grammatical case expressing the lack or absence of the marked noun. In English, the corresponding function… …   Wikipedia

  • abessive — 1. adjective of, or relating to that grammatical case used in some languages to indicate absence 2. noun the abessive case, or a word in this case …   Wiktionary

  • abessive — /a bes iv/, Gram. adj. 1. noting a case, as in Finnish, whose distinctive function is to indicate absence or lack. n. 2. the abessive case. [1890 94; < L abess(e) to be distant + IVE] * * * …   Universalium

  • case — Synonyms and related words: Bible truth, Smyth sewing, abessive, ablative, absolute fact, accepted fact, accusative, action, actual fact, adessive, admitted fact, afghan, alien, allative, ammunition box, anyhow, anyway, apoplectic, approximative …   Moby Thesaurus

  • abessive — (ˈ)a|besiv adjective Etymology: Latin abesse to be absent + English ive more at absent of a grammatical case : denoting absence or lack …   Useful english dictionary

  • caritive case — noun case used to express the lack or absence of something. It has the meaning of the English preposition without. The caritive case is found in some Caucasian languages. Syn: abessive case, privative case …   Wiktionary

  • Dative case — The dative case (abbreviated dat, or sometimes d when it is a core argument) is a grammatical case generally used to indicate the noun to whom something is given, as in George gave Jamie a drink . In general, the dative marks the indirect object… …   Wikipedia

  • Grammatical case — Grammatical categories Animacy Aspect Case Clusivity Definiteness Degree of comparison Evidentiality …   Wikipedia

  • Vocative case — For the assembly programming concept, see Addressing mode. The vocative case (abbreviated voc) is the case used for a noun identifying the person (animal, object, etc.) being addressed and/or occasionally the determiners of that noun. A vocative… …   Wikipedia

  • Accusative case — The accusative case (abbreviated acc) of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb. The same case is used in many languages for the objects of (some or all) prepositions. It is a noun that is having… …   Wikipedia