amphiphilic


amphiphilic
a) Being a detergent: having both hydrophilic and hydrophobic (or lipophilic) groups.
b) Having one surface consisting of hydrophilic amino acids and the opposite surface consisting of hydrophobic (or lipophilic) ones.

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  • amphiphilic — adjective Date: 1948 of, relating to, or being a compound (as a surfactant) consisting of molecules having a polar water soluble group attached to a water insoluble hydrocarbon chain; also being a molecule of such a compound • amphiphile noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • amphiphilic — Having affinity for two different environments for example a molecule with hydrophilic (polar) and lipophilic (non polar) regions. Detergents are classic examples. Antonym of amphipathic …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • amphiphilic — am·phi·phil·ic (ăm fə fĭlʹĭk) adj. Of or relating to a molecule having a polar, water soluble group attached to a nonpolar, water insoluble hydrocarbon chain. * * * …   Universalium

  • amphiphilic — SYN: amphipathic. [amphi + G. philos, fond] * * * am·phi·phil·ic .am fə fil ik adj of, relating to, consisting of, or being one or more molecules (as of a glycolipid or sphingolipid) in a biological membrane having a polar water soluble terminal… …   Medical dictionary

  • amphiphilic — adj. (of an organic compound) comprised of both water soluble and water insoluble groups (Biochemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • amphiphilic — am·phi·phil·ic …   English syllables

  • amphiphilic — ˌ ̷ ̷  ̷ ̷ ˈfilik adjective Etymology: amphi + philic : of, relating to, consisting of, or being one or more molecules (as of a glycolipid or sphingolipid) in a biological membrane having a polar water soluble terminal group attached to a water… …   Useful english dictionary

  • amphiphilic molecule — amfifilinė molekulė statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Molekulė, kurios viena dalis hidrofilinė, o kita – hidrofobinė. atitikmenys: angl. amphiphatic molecule; amphiphilic molecule rus. амфипатическая молекула; амфифильная молекула ryšiai:… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • amphiphile — amphiphilic /am feuh fil ik/, adj. /am feuh fuyl /, n. Biochem. any of many organic compounds, as a surfactant, detergent, bile salt, or phospholipid, composed of hydrophilic and hydrophobic portions. [1970 75; AMPHI + PHILE] * * * …   Universalium

  • amphiphile — amphiphilic /am feuh fil ik/, adj. /am feuh fuyl /, n. Biochem. any of many organic compounds, as a surfactant, detergent, bile salt, or phospholipid, composed of hydrophilic and hydrophobic portions. [1970 75; AMPHI + PHILE] …   Useful english dictionary