- noun /ɪˌpɪstəˈmɑlədʒi/a) The branch of philosophy dealing with the study of knowledge; theory of knowledge, asking such questions as "What is knowledge?", "How is knowledge acquired?", "What do people know?", "How do we know what we know?".
Some thinkers take the view that, beginning with the work of Descartes, epistemology began to replace metaphysics as the most important area of philosophy.b) A particular theory of knowledge.
In his epistemology, Plato maintains that our knowledge of universal concepts is a kind of recollection.
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Epistemology — (from Greek επιστήμη episteme , knowledge + λόγος , logos ) or theory of knowledge is a branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope (limitations) of knowledge. [Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Volume 3, 1967, Macmillan, Inc.] The term… … Wikipedia
Epistemology — • That branch of philosophy which is concerned with the value of human knowledge Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Epistemology Epistemology … Catholic encyclopedia
epistemology — Epistemology is the study of the nature of knowledge, epistemic justification and rational belief. Traditionally knowledge has been defined as justified true belief , but this definition has been sharply disputed in recent decades. Among the… … Christian Philosophy
epistemology — e*pis te*mol o*gy, n. [Gr. ? knowledge + logy.] The theory or science of the method or grounds of knowledge. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
epistemology — theory of knowledge, 1856, coined by Scottish philosopher James F. Ferrier (1808 1864) from Gk. episteme knowledge, from Ionic Gk. epistasthai know how to do, understand, lit. overstand, from epi over, near (see EPI (Cf. epi )) + histasthai to… … Etymology dictionary
epistemology — ► NOUN ▪ the branch of philosophy that deals with knowledge, especially with regard to its methods, validity, and scope. DERIVATIVES epistemic adjective epistemological adjective epistemologist noun. ORIGIN from Greek epist m knowledge … English terms dictionary
epistemology — [ē pis΄tə mäl′ə jē, ipis΄tə mäl′ə jē] n. pl. epistemologies [< Gr epistēmē, knowledge < epistanai, to understand, believe (< epi + histanai, orig., to stand before, confront: see STAND) + LOGY] the study or theory of the nature, sources … English World dictionary
epistemology — epistemological /i pis teuh meuh loj i keuhl/, adj. epistemologically, adv. epistemologist, n. /i pis teuh mol euh jee/, n. a branch of philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge. [1855 60; < Gk… … Universalium
epistemology — The philosophical theory of knowledge of how we know what we know. Epistemology is generally characterized by a division between two competing schools of thought: rationalism and empiricism . Both traditions of thought received their most… … Dictionary of sociology
epistemology — (Gk., epistēmē, knowledge) The theory of knowledge. Its central questions include the origin of knowledge; the place of experience in generating knowledge, and the place of reason in doing so; the relationship between knowledge and certainty, and … Philosophy dictionary